Jakarta – BRIN Public Relations, Research and innovation collaboration through sharing of facilities, infrastructure, and funding was one of the topics discussed at the preliminary meeting of the G20 Research and Innovation Initiative Gathering (RIIG). The discussion of this topic is expected to produce recommendations that encourage realization of green and blue economy.

Acting Deputy for Human Resources of Science and Technology, Edy Giri Rachman Putra in his presentation said that in the last decade the concept of green and blue economy has become the priority strategy for many countries. This concept, according to him, will be the driving force for sustainable economic change.

“That way, these countries will be ready to face big challenges they encounter, such as resource shortage, climate change, environmental security threats, energy crises and so forth,” said Edy Giri, at the preliminary RIIG G20, Thursday (24/02). This creates an opportunity for the stakeholders at all levels and builds partnerships and collaborations in creating innovative ideas and opportunities.

Edy Giri in his presentation which brings up the topic of improving research and innovation collaboration through sharing of facilities, infrastructure, and funding, views that it is necessary for the G20 member countries to build a research and innovation cooperation scheme.

Some of the reasons that underlie the need for building research collaboration scheme include growing problems and challenges currently faced by the G20 member countries. The other is the common need among the G20 member countries to address global problems and challenges. There is a need to set more ambitious targets including global biodiversity research. In addition, there is a very wide competency gap in the field of research among the G20 member countries.

“We need to build a strong research and innovation ecosystem and create more solid collaboration between the stakeholders supported by relevant policies in the G20 member countries. For this reason, we are very open for research collaborations and innovations in certain fields such as Biodiversity, Marine & Oceanic Research, New & Renewable Energy, and Space & Earth Science; which will become the driving force of the economy and prosperity, as well as in finding solutions to the problems faced by the mankind today, “said Edy Giri.

Biodiversity

As a country that is rich in biodiversity, continued Edy Giri, Indonesia continues to strive to maintain its sustainability by establishing at least 42 botanical gardens throughout Indonesia. Various new research facilities have been and are being built at the Cibinong Science Center, Integrated Bioproduct Laboratory, Culture Collection facility, Genomics Laboratory, and other facilities related to biology, microbiology, good manufacturing practices, and so forth.

“Development of these facilities and infrastructure is in the context of building a modern and complete National Biodiversity Center in Indonesia, and is open for collaborative research activities at the national and international levels,” he added.

With a water area of ​​around 62%, Indonesia’s marine environment is very rich in living and non-living natural resources. Sustainable management of these resources and conservation of biodiversity and its ecosystems are important, as they have a direct impact on the socio-economic development of the country.

“Presently, five marine research vessels, of the Baruna Jaya Class, are capable of conducting research in the fields of marine geoscience, oceanography, atmospheric science, marine biodiversity, and mapping of the ocean floor, especially to accelerate efforts to understand the deep sea in the ecosystem,” he explained.

“A marine exploration scheme in Indonesia called the Widya Nusantara Expedition 2022-2024 has also been prepared and opened for national researchers in collaboration with global research partners as an effort to significantly develop research collaborations with foreign scientific institutions or universities,” he said.

Not only that, Edy Giri continued, in a bid to maintain biodiversity, Indonesia is also improving space science and technology. Several facilities have been built for earth science research and remote sensing in an effort to help monitor oil spills, water quality, mangroves, coral reefs, aquaculture, potential fishing zones, forest/biodiversity loss, and growth of oil palm plantations.

Towards Zero Emission

Dependence on fossil fuel energy sources has an unprecedented impact on climate change, and accelerates environmental degradation and loss of global biodiversity. Climate change and loss of biodiversity cause severe damage to the ecosystems. Now, clean energy has become an urgent need globally.

“In Indonesia’s energy transition, emphasis on emission reductions in the industrial and transportation sectors will be the most significant. In the industrial sector, research on ecosystem innovation in the carbon capture storage (CCS) systems, blue and green hydrogen for the petrochemical industry, and biofuels in terms of bioenergy is important in protecting the habitats of living things, “said Edy Giri.

Research on renewable energy, especially nuclear energy provides a new opportunity that significantly supports the global commitment to reduce carbon emission to zero by the middle of the century, as decided at the 26th United Nations conference on Climate Change. It emphasizes the importance of nuclear power research and development, as the frontline of clean energy technology.

“Nuclear energy is expected to play a more significant role in driving green growth in the coming year. Several renewable energy laboratories have been built, including research reactors and related laboratories to conduct research and innovation in the energy sector,” he concluded. (pur)