Cibinong – BRIN Public Relations. Indonesia is a mega-biodiversity country with high biodiversity. One of the obstacles in expressing and utilizing these biological resources is the facilities and infrastructure that support their lives. Greenhouses with control of temperature, humidity, light and other climatic factors can be an alternative for this solution, with of course security guarantees that meet the condition.

Currently, the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) through the Deputy for Research and Innovation Infrastructure is building an Integrated National Tropical Biodiversity Greenhouse consisting of Display Greenhouse and Research and Production Greenhouse, located in the Cibinong Science Center (CSC) complex, Cibinong, Bogor Regency, West Java.

The greenhouse which was built with a budget of around 200 billion rupiah from the funding of State Sharia Securities (SBSN) has specific facilities for collection and display. This facility will be supported by equipment and management systems that meet the principles of Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) and biosafety.

The scope of research from the use of this facility is a study on the phenotype and tropical biodiversity ecosystem. It also includes studies on the bioprospection and utilization from the levels of genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, morphology, and phenomics. This integrated facility will be the first in Indonesia.

BRIN Scientific Collection Infrastructure Coordinator, Ishak Siregar said that “the idea of ​​​​building greenhouses started from a condition when the greenhouse in the Cibinong Science Center work unit was not used optimally and was not integrated or centralized,” he said.

Hence, Ishak added, an integrated greenhouse was needed. “The Deputy for Biological Sciences of the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) at that time planned to build an Integrated National Tropical Biodiversity Greenhouse in the CSC BRIN Cibinong area,” he explained.

“As per that time, researchers had their own greenhouses but they were not optimal, so they built green houses, and prepared the demonstration plots, multi-site testing, and other facilities. Later, researchers who plan to do plant research will conduct research in this place,” said Ishak.

Ishak explained that the Greenhouse Display will showcase plants based on ecoregion different from the concepts applied in other botanical gardens in Indonesia. Grouping by ecoregion will be displayed in the form of domes which reflect the plants of the archipelago. “The archipelago plants will be exhibited at the Greenhouse Display which consists of several zones, for example plants from the archipelago of Papua, Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan,” he explained in details.

Greenhouse Facility Construction

The construction of Greenhouse Display began in September 2021. The construction of the two greenhouses is expected for completion in December 2022, so that they can be used immediately after completion.

“These greenhouses are in two locations; the Greenhouse Display is located in BRIN’s Cibinong Botanical Garden area which is now under construction, and the Research and Production Greenhouse is located near BRIN’s Cibinong Biological Research Center which construction will start this year,” added Ishak.

The greenhouses are built to support the conservation and propagation of Indonesia’s potential plant germplasm, and facilitate the development of technologies related to agriculture, forestry, and environmental sciences. These greenhouses also introduce Indonesia’s biodiversity and accelerate dissemination of strategic life sciences to the public.

The Greenhouse Display building is in a total area of 10,000 square meters or 1 hectare, with the concept of large dome design with steel structure and tempered glass. The inner area of the Greenhouse Display consists of 1 unit of Main Greenhouse with a diameter of 50 meters, 5 units of small greenhouses with a diameter of 20 meters, each greenhouse will host thematic displays. In addition, the Greenhouse Display is planned to be equipped with public facilities such as canteen, prayer room, toilets, lactation room and medical room, gazebo, aquaponic park, fountain, and kids corner.

With regard to its future management, Ishak said that the greenhouse is planned for collaboration with partners that have been runnung in the CSC area.

The facilities of Research and Production Greenhouse are planned to consist of 17 greenhouses including greenhouses for collection, breeding, transgenic and disease testing, insect testing, ecological, agronomic, aeroponic, and hydroponic testings. Other facilities are for growth chamber, seed bank, sewage treatment, screen house with waterproof roof, preparation room, and an exhibition room.

In the terms of reference, the construction of this greenhouse has gone through technical, economic, utilization, environmental and social studies, as well as sharia studies. Based on economic studies, a series of activities in the greenhouse complex can guarantee the financing of operations and research carried out. (dk/ed: sl)