Cibinong, BRIN Public Relations. As Indonesia’s proudful and outstanding research agency, the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) has many research infrastructure facilities. The Zoologicum Bogoriense Museum (MZB) located at the Cibinong Science Center – Botanical Garden (CSC-BG) Complex in Cibinong, Bogor Regency, is the national center for depository of fauna in the form of a diverse collection of fauna specimens from all over Indonesia. The collections on display for the public are located in the exhibition museum within the Bogor Botanical Garden area, on Jl. Ir. Haji Juanda No. 9 Bogor.

Currently MZB is managed by BRIN’s Biological Research Center. The collection of specimens stored at MZB is an international-standard reference collection and is one of the most important and valuable assets for Indonesia. The main task of BRIN’s Biological Research Center is to increase the number and maintain the collection of fauna reference.

As reference collection, this is invaluable asset that can be accessed by researchers from within and outside BRIN. Improved services for national research needs in the form of specimens are not only physically accessible but have been digitized so that they are easier for use by users. Therefore, accountable and responsible management will be continued.

Management of fauna collection specimens at MZB so far has met the international standards for museum management. “Processing of specimens until storage has also complied with the instructions or guideline on Management of Zoological Collections (2006) and also the Work Procedures and Instructions for Management of MZB fauna specimen collections in accordance with ISO 9001: 2008 (2013),” explained the MZB Collection Management Coordinator, Nova Mujiono, on Friday (14/01).

The Zoologicum Bogoriense Museum (MZB) was founded by a German agricultural zoologist J.C Koningsberger in 1894. He was in charge of collecting and examining insects on agricultural crops in the Bogor Botanical Garden. In its subsequent developments, the MZB experienced a rapid progress in line with increase in its collection.

Currently MZB has 2,853,473 specimens. This number continues to grow each year in line with addition of collections from research activities. This will make MZB a Fauna Museum with the largest scientific collection in Southeast Asia.

As of 5 October 2021, MZB had collected several groups of specimens, namely 42,617 mammals, 37,429 birds (aves), 26,268 fish, 32,648 amphibians, 22,441 reptiles, 24,819 molluscs, 5,617 crustaceans, 2,644,839 insects, 1,319 acari endoparasites, 12,001 ectoparasites, 2,673 collembola. 144 chilopods, and 658 diplopods.

The specimens in MZB are preserved under two methods, namely dry specimens and wet specimens. Dry specimens can be in the form of skin, hair, and bones, while wet specimens can be the whole body or internal organs immersed in 70% alcohol. The two types of preserved specimens are stored in different ways.

Nova explained certain ways to maintain and store the collections in MZB. “There are several stages that must be passed in the process of storing specimen collections. First, the stage of receiving exploratory specimens. This includes washing and changing labels, applying alcohol preservatives and storing it in specimen bottles. The second stage, processing the specimens by identifying them and writing down the results on labels and catalogue books. The specimen data is then entered in the database, and in the last stage these specimens are stored in the collection room, “said Nova who is also a researcher at the BRIN Biology Research Center.

“This collection of fauna specimens was obtained in various ways, among others the results of researchers’ explorations throughout Indonesia, gifts from institutions or the public such as collectors, deposits from the Natural Resources Conservation Agency, or even confiscated items from animal quarantine,” said Nova.

There are two types of specimens stored as references for Indonesian fauna, namely type specimens and general specimens. Type specimen is the specimen used as a reference in describing an animal species. Type specimen is also divided into various categories, namely holotypes, paratypes, syntypes, and neotypes.

Holotype is the most important type specimen because this specimen is the main specimen in species description, while other type categories are complementary. General specimen has an important value because information from this collection can describe the distribution area of an ​​animal and its ecosystem. Along with the development of molecular technology, MZB also has a collection of Indonesian fauna DNA. This DNA collection is very important because it does not only support the process of animal identification. Therefore, DNA is important, not only limited to taxonomic science which is the main competence of MZB, but also in the field of application for conservation and utilization of biodiversity. Collection of DNA materials at MZB started in 1997. (ew ed sl)