Serpong, BRIN Public Relations. The National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) plans to realize research supported by the private sector. “The portion of budget for research and private development is expected higher than the government’s support,” said Head of BRIN, Laksana Tri Handoko. He also once stated that the role of private research in Indonesia must reach 80 percent in accordance with the UNESCO standards.

The challenge ahead, Handoko explained, is that the private industry will take the lead in encouraging economic growth. He added that government institutions such as BRIN, will act as the facilitators, consolidators, and parties in charge of research and development.

In response to this challenge, at the end of January 2022, the Physics Research Center – BRIN collaborated with PT G’NomaC (Graphene Nanomaterials Consulting) which subsequently succeeded in developing coconut fiber biomass-based graphene oxide.

PT G’NomaC is a research-based company with strong focus on developing advanced materials, especially new carbons such as graphene. G’nomaC strives to promote environmentally friendly technology with relatively high domestic technology content.

A researcher at the Physics Research Center, Deni Shidqi Khaerudini, revealed that graphene is a material being developed to make battery raw materials, in addition to lithium which is commonly used today. “Through upstream research related to development of biomass-based graphene, we hope to be able to support the upstream side of future battery technology, which is just starting to appear in the commercial market,” said Deni.

According to him, this research development uses a new process with a cheap catalyst and has met the quality standards for commercial graphene products. “So that economically it can compete with existing offers in the market,” he said.

“The new process is currently under the patent process and is ready to be further developed on a larger industrial scale. Even foreign parties have shown their interest in accommodating the result and market it,” explained this senior researcher.

Following up on the successful collaboration in research and development of the new carbon of graphene type, Deni and his team will develop and downstream other coal-based carbon sources. “We are striving to downstream coal for advanced material applications. This is an effort to process a new carbon synthesis with a simple, environmentally friendly, low-cost method, which can be produced on a micro-business scale,” he concluded. (hrd, adl/ ed: drs)