Jakarta – BRIN Public Relations. The National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) through the Directorate of Environment, Maritime, Natural Resources, and Nuclear Energy Development Policy held a Focus Group Discussion (FGD), which discussed policies related to the direction and strategy of national energy development.
Acting Director of BRIN’s Environment, Maritime, Natural Resources and Nuclear Energy Development Policy, Muhammad Abdul Kholiq, said that this discussion is needed in the preparation of policy papers that can be useful in achieving the nation’s energy independence.
According to him, the pentahelix collaboration consisting of the government, private sector, community, media, and academia plays an important role in achieving the goal of Net Zero Emission (NZE) by 2060.
In the discussion held at Mercure Hotel, BSD Tangerang, Wednesday (09/03), Acting Head of BRIN’s Energy Conservation and Conversion Research Center, Edi Hilmawan, recommended use of New and Renewable Energy (NRE) as power generator.
Edi said, viewed from the aspect of energy science and technology, through the Indonesia Energy Outlook 2021, 42 percent of energy consumption in 2019 was dominated by the transportation sector, with the majority using fuel. This has a negative impact on the economy due to dependence on imported fuel, and on the environment due to the resulting emission.
Based on the modelling he did, Edi concluded that if fuel vehicles are replaced with electric vehicles, but the electricity produced still uses fossil energy, the carbon emission produced will concentrate in the power generator.
Therefore, Edi recommends modelling using NRE to be used for power generation, as the modelling can reduce carbon emission.
Acting Director of Energy, Mineral and Mining Resources, Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas, Yahya Rachmana Hidayat, who was also present at the discussion, said that the global policy trend has now shifted to green and low-carbon economic growth. This is based on the signing of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change on 12 December 2015, which was also attended by Indonesia.
The implementation of the Paris Agreement, said Yahya, is incorporated in the 2020-2024 RPJMN, which emphasizes energy transition to renewable energy in the context of low-carbon development.
the Director of Geothermal at the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Harris shares the view, adding sustainable energy transition is one of the main focuses of the G20 Presidency.
Data from the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources notes that until 2021, Indonesia had utilized 0.3 percent of the total potential of all NRE owned by Indonesia, including solar, wind, hydro, bioenergy, geothermal, and marine.
In addition, the country has utilized 11.7 percent of the national NRE mix from the target of 23 percent in 2025, in accordance with the 2020-2025 RPJMN. Indonesia also pledges a 29 percent reduction in carbon emission by 2030, as stated in the Paris Agreement.
In addition, at the COP-26 Summit, Indonesia also targeted NZE achievement by 2060. In the national energy roadmap towards NZE, national power plants will be dominated by Solar Power Plants.
Based on the discussion, it was concluded that there is still a lot of energy potential in Indonesia that needs to be explored further for further use. The public is also asked not to be indifferent in supporting this government policy.
People can start with small habits, such as saving electricity use, using public transportation, installing solar panels, and switching to LED lights as an effort to reduce carbon emission.
If carbon emissions are not reduced, the negative impact will spread to all elements of society. The government will try its best to solve this problem for the benefit and welfare of the people in the long term (rt/ed: tnt)