Jakarta – BRIN Public Relations. Concrete steps in preventing terrorism require commitment from various parties. Research, said Boy Rafli Amar, Head of the National Counter-Terrorism Agency (BNPT), strongly determines the policy direction. “Strategic steps must be taken by BNPT together with ministries, institutions, and the community. We have conducted research in collaboration with universities,” said the Head of BNPT during an audience with the Head of the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), in Jakarta (26/1).

With regard to survey on radicalism index, Boy said, his agency has limited exposure to discuss what steps we would take. “Terrorism and radicalization cannot be separated from global influences. Like the invisible corona virus, the victims of radicalism are asymptomatic and symptomatic,” he said.

“We believe the pandemic will subside because of vaccine, and so will radicalism, we also need a vaccine,” said Boy. “We are working on the vaccine upstream, including introducing the values ​​of Pancasila, improving religious moderation, and reducing the potential of violence,” he added.

With the capacity owned by BRIN, the Head of BNPT believes that the quality of research will be more accountable. “We hope that this will be an opportunity for BRIN to jointly with us think about ways to counter terrorism. Not only one factor, but many variables that we need to explore and deal with in the pentahelix concept,” he said.

He said, no one know for sure who first in our country will be a target of terrorism, or become terrorists. “We can suddenly become victims, attracted by the teachings and invitations of ideological groups that are developing massively and globally,” he added.

Furthermore, Boy said, the victims (of radicalism) are not only Indonesians, but people from various countries. He revealed more than 2,100 victims of terrorism worldwide are recorded, of whom nearly 70% are still active. Their fates to this day are varied, some are imprisoned, unemployed, died, relocated to other conflict areas. “30,000 people in the world attend radicalism activities. They become victims of propaganda created by these networks who give them interesting offers,” he explained. They are especially the younger generation.

He said that we need to do research on how young people should respond to this phenomenon. “Based on research conducted partially by some research institutions in certain cities, for example in Bandung, this phenomenon shows an alarming rate. We need to step up our vigilance. Hopefully the research that we will do later can maintain the harmony and diversity of our nation,” he explained. “Of course, the presence of experts from BRIN will significantly support our tasks,” he continued.

The head of BNPT, who was present along with his senior staff members, further said that BNPT has a Synergy Team in 46 ministries and institutions, related to the program of prevention. This also relates to the program of utilizing the resources owned by ministries and institutions so that they play an active role in terrorism prevention efforts.

Head of BRIN, Laksana Tri Handoko said that in principle BRIN is very open and supports the BNPT program. “We are obliged to in return provide research services to all ministries and institutions,” he said. “As far as I know, traditionally, we have had studies such as on radicalism, separatism, nationalism, and others. The results of these studies have been used by the Ministry of Political, Legal and Security Affairs,” he added.

“We can jointly carry out survey to support policies and strategies,” said Handoko. He explained that surveys at BRIN are multi-faceted and integrated, and do not make policy recommendations on its own. “Especially for sensitive issues, we integrate them with other issues, for example with demographic studies. We direct researchers to conduct research in an integrated manner across disciplines,” he explained.

Internal Radicalism Prevention Efforts

Regarding prevention of radicalism within institutions, Handoko admitted that BRIN needs it. “This aspect of radicalism has the potential to exist anywhere, including among intellectuals, and we do not have the tools to measure ideology. This needs to be done not to punish but to prevent. We can work together in the scheme of talent management, for example,” he explained.

The Head of BNPT explained that his team with several agencies had carried out initial profiling to be then followed up on by those agencies. BNPT also has Team 11, in collaboration with the Ministry of PANRB, specifically for monitoring State Civil Apparatuses. “We also cooperate with the Ministry of Kominfo through an online reporting system. The report is submitted to the head of the agency,” he explained. “If further investigation is needed, the data can be sent to BNPT for follow-up. The form of follow-up action can be in the form of coaching, reprimand, dismissal, and even criminal punishment,” he continued.

The head of BNPT deeply regrets that so many religious texts have been circulated to convince certain parties, which has led to an intolerant attitude. In addition, he further said, the perpetrators are hostile to people who are deemed not in line with him.

“In-room radicals are okay, but not in the public space, as it is in conflict with the public law. Of course, we do not want clashes and frictions, especially if they are influenced by radical ideas, commit physical violence, words abuse, especially those related to criminal acts that are far from the characters of the Indonesian nation,” he explained. “Our program is strengthening at that level. It should not be that way that they believe in religion but forget the spirit of nationalism,” he said.

For information, BNPT conducted a survey of the radical potential index and terrorist risk. In carrying out this survey, BNPT involved the terrorist prevention coordination forum consisting of the elements from academy, religion, and government. (drs)