THE NATIONAL RESEARCH AND INNOVATION AGENCY
NO: 41 /SP/HM/BKPUK/IV/2022
Through INASA, BRIN Participates in Handling International Space Operation
The National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) has set up a secretariat for the Indonesian Space Agency (INASA). Previously, INASA was under LAPAN (National Aeronautics and Space Agency) which has now been integrated into BRIN. INASA is legally under BRIN and is responsible for handling international space affairs, including being a focal point for the activities of the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS)
Jakarta – 11 May 2022. BRIN set up INASA Secretariat in March 2022. INASA formation is intended to represent Indonesia in a number of international meetings related to space, which were previously performed by LAPAN. In addition, INASA was formed to fulfil several international obligations, including registering Indonesia’s space objects.
The INASA-BRIN Secretariat is led by Erna Sri Adiningsih as Executive Director who also acts as a National Focal Point (NFP). Erna said, as an institution that has a mandate in the implementation of outer space, BRIN’s main role is to coordinate with other agencies. “The coordination carried out by INASA includes preparing Indonesian delegation, preparing and formulating policy papers with relevant ministries/agencies, and coordinating Indonesia’s participation in the activities of the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS). UNCOPUOS is a United Nations Committee for Peaceful Uses of Space, such as conferences, working groups, and so on,” said Erna.
UNCOPUOS, said Erna further, has the main task of reviewing and promoting international cooperation in the peaceful use of outer space, as well as issuing laws related to outer space exploration. “UNCOPUOS has an important meaning for Indonesia, because through UNCOPUOS Indonesia can convey agendas that contain Indonesian policies that support national interests and vice versa,” she asserted.
For information, one of the first activities of the INASA secretariat in 2022 is to participate as a member of the delegation in the Legal Sub-Committee (LSC) of UNCOPUOS forum meeting which was carried out in a hybrid manner on 28 March – 8 April 2022. The Indonesian delegation was led by the Indonesian Ambassador to Vienna, Damos Dumoli Agusman who is also Indonesia’s Permanent Mission to the UN.
Erna explained that there were 3 focus agendas presented by Indonesia at the LSC forum, namely discussions on the Definition and Delimitation of Space, Geostationary Orbit (GSO), and Small Satellite Activities.
Furthermore, Erna explained, at the discussion of the first agenda, Indonesia reiterated its stance on the need to establish 100-110 km as the legal space limit, which is based on the scientific characteristics of the atmosphere, the highest aircraft altitude capacity, and the lowest spacecraft perigee. “In this case, certainty regarding internationally recognized space boundary regulations is very much needed for the application of air (aerospace) and space laws,” she said.
Then regarding the second agenda, she continued, Indonesia presented that due to the specific and limited characteristics of geostationary orbit (GSO), it is necessary to have a special legal regime (sui generis regime) for GSO which is a specialization of the existing international law regime or that had previously set. This, according to her, is to ensure an equitable and fair access for developing countries. “It is hoped that the use of GSO can be applied fairly and consider the interests of countries, especially countries that have unique natural characteristics with GSO,” said Erna.
Finally, she explained, on the third agenda, Indonesia discussed the use of small satellites which are more needed by developing countries. “Therefore, access for activities of these satellites needs to be guaranteed, taking into account the development trends and conditions of mega constellations and space debris,” she said. On the same occasion, Indonesia also conveyed that in 2022 the country will host the Space20 event, which is a side event of the G20 meeting related to the use of space technology for the economy, as well as the meeting of the 4th Ministerial Conference on Space Application for Sustainable Development in Asia Pacific which is an activity under the coordination of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP).