THE NATIONAL RESEARCH AND INNOVATION AGENCY
Number: 49 /SP/HM/BKPUK/VI/2022
Indonesia has a variety of tropical fruits throughout the country which play an important role in the economic and social aspects of society. On average, the loss of yield from the commodity of fruits is over 30% because fruits generally have a relatively short shelf life. Research strategies for tropical fruits are needed ranging from the stages of production, post-harvest handling, processing, to packaging to increase the added value or maintain the quality of fruits in the long term. Referring to problems that occur along the production and supply chains of these tropical fruits, including post-harvest losses, the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) through the Agricultural and Food Research Organization (ORPP/ROAF) held a SHARING SESSION #1 which discussed the topic “Reduction of Food Loss on Tropical Fruits”, on Friday, 03 June 2022.
Jakarta, 02 June 2022 – The National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) is very concerned about food loss on tropical fruits in the country. Therefore, collaborative research to encourage the achievement of goals in research and innovation in this regard is being initiated by BRIN together with Osaka University, Japan.
Head of ORPP, Puji Lestari said that food loss in terms of quantity and quality has a negative environmental impact, as, she further explained, water, land, and other natural resources to produce food are not consumed by anyone. “The magnitude of impact of food loss will affect the level of processing, refining of food products, as well as the (upstream or downstream) stages in the food supply chain. This causes the quantity and quality of food to be lost,” she said.
“Generally, low loss is associated with higher efficiency in the food supply. This is contributed ultimately by more effective resource recycling, lower storage requirements, shorter transport distances, and less energy use. However, solutions to reduce losses often lead to increased energy use, especially for preserving food products,” continued Puji.
Meanwhile, Mulyana Hadipernata, Head of BRIN’s Agroindustry Research Center, explained that yield loss from tropical fruits can be handled by applying fresh and post-harvest handling technologies. One of the postharvest handling technologies produced by the Agroindustry Research Center is coating technology from palm oil derivative products to extend the shelf life of fruits. “This coating application can extend the shelf life of fruit 2 to 4 times compared to fruits without coating so that fruit losses can be reduced to a minimum and provide economic benefits for fruit businesses,” he explained.
For information, another research on reduction of fruit losses is a collaborative study with Osaka University related to characterization of Indonesian mangoes from the aspect of metabolic and sensory profiles. The data obtained are very much needed for developing the mango fruit industry in the future. Research collaboration with Osaka University will continue to be developed within the framework of reducing agricultural losses and increasing the added value of agricultural products.
“Tropical fruits provide us with a broad spectrum of healthy nutrition and enrich our lives with a variety of pleasurable sensory experiences. This commodity, however, is very perishable,” explained Mulyana. Around 33% of the harvest is never consumed because this product naturally has a short shelf life, which causes economic losses,” he concluded.
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