Bantargebang – BRIN Public Relations. The existence of waste is still a serious problem for most big cities in the world, including Indonesia. Sadly, based on data from the Indonesia.go.id web page, in 2020 Indonesia ranked third as the country producing the largest plastic waste in the world. On this basis, the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) provides a solution processing waste into source of electricity which is useful for the community through a waste-to-energy plant (PLTSa).

Acting Deputy for Research and Innovation Utilization, Mego Pinandito said that the trend of increasing amount of waste in Indonesia every year has prompted BRIN researchers to conduct research related to waste management. “PLTSa is one of the results of research conducted by the Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology which is now integrated to BRIN,” said Mego at the event of the 2022 National Waste Awareness Day (HPSN) in Bantargebang, Monday (21/02).

According to Mego, this research is a manifestation of the researchers’ concern about the waste problem in most cities in Indonesia. Quoting from the page indonesia.go.id, in 2020, Indonesia produced 67.8 million tons of plastic waste every day.

This problem is further complicated when most of the garbage collection sites start to exceed capacity. “This problem is getting worse because most of the garbage collection sites are almost full and finding a new location for garbage collection is still difficult,” added Mego.

BRIN as the only research institution, said Mego, has an obligation to provide solutions through mastery of technology related to waste management. To produce the right solution, however, BRIN cannot do it alone, and collaboration with the stakeholders is needed.

“BRIN’s collaboration with other research institutions such as the private sector and the community is highly needed to achieve sustainable targets,” he explained.

The PLTSa, the result of collaboration between BRIN and the DKI Provincial Government, is a pilot project that can manage waste thermally, which is designed to operate continuously and generate electricity. In a day, this PLTSa can burn 100 tons of waste and generate 700 KW of electrical energy.

“This PLTSa is a manifestation of the nation’s success in producing waste processing facility products with very high local content, so that this pilot project can also be applied in other areas,” he said.

Mego further said that this pilot project shows that Indonesia is able to produce waste processing facilities through the implementation of technology that can ultimately reduce air pollution. The success of this PLTSa can later be implemented in many regions in Indonesia.

DKI Jakarta Governor, Anies Baswedan, said that collaboration between BRIN and the DKI Jakarta Provincial Government in the processing of waste into electrical energy is important and can be followed by other regions. Anies expressed his appreciation to BRIN researchers who have collaborated and produced a processing facility that converts waste into a source of electrical energy.

Through the commemoration of HPSN 2022, Anies calls all parties to have a big concern for waste management by making changes in attitudes starting from each individual. “The commemoration of the national waste awareness day is a movement that must be instilled in every individual, meaning that ownership of the waste problem lies in all parties, and all parties are encouraged to be involved and act in solving the problems,” said Anies.

Therefore, according to Anies, the most important thing is to change people’s daily attitude to have more concern about waste. This can be realized by sorting waste from their place of residence.

“Sorting waste is the main factor for success in waste processing,” Anies added.

Anies further emphasized that the 2022 HPSN commemoration should not be merely ceremonial, but must be able to be a reminder for all of the importance of managing waste. Through the commemoration of the 2022 HPSN under the theme Collaboration Festival of Jakarta Cares for Waste, it is hoped to have young generation who have much higher concern for waste than the current generation.

The commemoration of the 2022 HPSN saw the handover of waste processing facilities in the form of PLTSa from BRIN to the DKI Jakarta Provincial Government. (pur)