September 15, 2018

With more than 262 millions of population, Indonesia has a chance to become the seventh-largest economy in the world by 2030 and the fourth-largest by 2050. Therefore, higher education in Indonesia is aimed at supporting the economic growth. One of the strategies is creating graduates who could provide jobs by becoming entrepreneurs. This one could address the problem of structural unemployment.

Those were said by the Minister for Research, Technology and Higher Education, Mohamad Nasir, in his keynote speect at a national level seminar held in Semarang State Polytechnic, Saturday, September 9. The event was themed “Brand Yourself to be Young Success Technopreneur.”
“According to data of Indonesia’s workforce, 42 percent is low-educated. The percentage, however, would always decrease, meaning the education has started to change to become better. On the demographic bonus, it could be a disaster if we don’t use it properly. Improving human resource competence is therefore very important. The education should match with the industry to improve the nation’s competitiveness. Technological Readiness Level must be improved. It it’s low, the innovation will also be low,” said Nasir.
Nasir said challenges would be more difficult in facing the 4.0 Industrial Revolution. Being open-minded, open heart and open willing are attributes to address the challenge, said Nasir.
At the occasion, Nasir explained the digital economy had taken an important role amid the increasingly competitive era. For example, the sharing economy concept promoted by Go-Jek, the company’s overseas expansion and market place like Bukalapak.
“We have been already aware new technology that had brought about changes in all disciplines, including economy and industry. Some 75 percent of jobs involve science, technology, engineering and mathematics comprehension and internet of things. Therefore, university graduates must be ready for digital challenge and be digital talents. Polytechnic graduates will have professional certificates apart from diplomas,” he said.
Nasir also stressed an important thought for industry: “good things making good products, making people then making products.” The concept of creating human resource must be applied to face the competition in 4.0 Industrial Revolution era, especially the challenge to match with the industry.
“Another important thing is comprehending new literacy. Old literacy like reading, writing and calculating is a capital we already have. Now we must learn new literacy, like data literacy, technological literacy and human literacy (humanities, communication, positive thinking). After that you must not stop learning until the end of your life,” said Nasir.
Polytechnics have started to apply Multi Entry Multi Exit (MEME) pattern to face the 4.0 Industrial Revolution. All programs would have Diploma IV level. Multi Entry means entering the program either in the first, second, third, or fourth year. Multi Exit means graduating can be done at the end of second year, third year, or fourth year. Every student concluding the Diploma II, III, or IV, will obtain necessary diploma. After that students would also get certificates of competence after completing certification tests.”