THE NATIONAL RESEARCH AND INNOVATION AGENCY
Indonesia received appreciation from the United Nations (UN) in handling the Covid-19 pandemic. This was conveyed by President of the UN General Assembly, Abdulla Shahid in his remarks at the 7th Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (GPDRR) 2022 which was held at the Bali Nusa Dua Convention Center (BNDCC), on Wednesday (25/05). The GPDRR 2022 brought up the theme From Risk to Resilience: Towards Sustainable Development for All in a COVID-19 Transformed World. In the Indonesian context, the theme brought up is ‘Strengthening Partnerships Towards Sustainable Resilience.’ In one of its thematic sessions, GPDRR held a midterm review of global commitments summarized in the 2015 Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR). Head of the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) Laksana Tri Handoko was present as Co-Chair of the Midterm Review of the three sessions in the SFDRR, on Friday (27/5).
Jakarta, 27 May 2022. The head of BRIN explained that GPDRR is the largest global event for disaster risk reduction, with a focus on strengthening cooperation and collaboration to reduce the impact of disasters. The Covid-19 pandemic that occurred in the last two years has taught almost all countries in the world in fighting the Covid-19 and restoring the conditions of countries that require cooperation with other countries.
“All disasters know no state boundaries, including pandemic disasters such as COVID-19 in the last two years. The COVID-19 pandemic has made various countries around the world more aware of the importance of working together to accelerate the handling,” said Handoko.
Handoko gave an example, when the pandemic hit this part of the world, countries had the awareness to share genomic data from the SARS-CoV 2 variant through GISAID, and finally the world was able to accelerate the development and availability of vaccines for all mankind to cope with the pandemic.
Handoko said, collaboration between countries in disaster management should not only be in the case of the Covid-19 pandemic, but also for other disasters such as the tsunami. “Similarly, the joint efforts for the tsunami disaster, of course, do not know national boundaries. For example, mitigation capabilities can only be done by sharing data from various water areas of various countries,” continued Handoko.
Regarding SFDRR, Handoko explained that the discussion forum is specifically intended for all stakeholders, both government and non-government. “SFDRR discusses the implementation, development, and obstacles faced in order to achieve the goals of SFDRR and sustainable development,” he said.
According to Handoko, disaster mitigation and reduction are always related and based on scientific evidence and data. For this reason, he emphasized, various researches are needed, such as basic research to understand the mechanism of occurrence of various types of disasters. He mentioned that applied research on the development of early detection technology according to the type and character of disaster, as well as socio-cultural studies and local wisdom, is the main basis for disaster reduction capabilities.
“BRIN as a national research institution is at the forefront in conducting various disaster research, and has produced many innovations that have the potential to become solutions,” he said. At least 7 scientists and engineers from BRIN actively participated in this GPDRR. One of BRIN’s disaster researchers, Dr. Nuraini Rahma Hanifa, was even one of the jury members in the Lifetime Achievement Sasakawa Award event.
GPDRR involves BRIN researchers and experts who play an active role in representing Indonesia to study and promote multilateral agreements on disaster risk reduction. Andi Eka Sakya, BRIN’s senior engineer shared at the plenary session of the importance of working together to create a safe society and sea (Safe Ocean) through strengthening of science, technology and innovation, in line with the UN Decade of Ocean Science. In particular, the Head of BRIN also led as Co-Chair at the 3rd plenary session on the mid-term review under the theme Rethinking Sustainable Development: investing with strategic foresight to build resilience which was held on 27 May 2022 in Nusa Dua, Bali. This plenary session will finalize one of the 3 final recommendations that will be released at the closing of the 2022 GPDRR.