PRESS RELEASE

THE NATIONAL RESEARCH AND INNOVATION AGENCY

NO: 045/SP/HM/BKPUK/V/2022

 

Foot and Mouth Diseases (FMDs) have now become an epidemic in Indonesia. FMDs do not attack humans, but do attack livestock, especially cattle, and this has happened in several areas in Indonesia. In an effort to educate the public on FMDs, the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) will hold a Talk to Scientist webinar on Communicable Animal Diseases edition under the theme Research, Detection, and Control of Animal Foot and Mouth Diseases, Thursday (19/05).

 

Jakarta, 19 May 2022. Head of BRIN, Laksana Tri Handoko, explained that FMD is an acute viral infectious disease and is highly contagious in even/slit-toed hoofed animals.

He said the World Animal Health Agency, or Office des Internationale Epizootis (OIE), had placed this disease on the OIE’s Listed Diseases and Other Diseases of Importance or the List as a disease that must be reported by all countries in the world.

“FMD is a highly contagious animal disease that attacks split-hoofed animals, such as cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, pigs, deer, camels and elephants, although it has also been reported in other animals such as bears,” explained Handoko. “Animals that are sick due to FMD viral infection show pathognomonic clinical symptoms in the form of vesicles/blisters and erosions in the mouth, tongue, gums, nostrils, nipples, and on the skin around the nails,” he added.

As the only research institution in Indonesia, Handoko explained, BRIN has the capacity to support the government’s efforts to control FMDs in Indonesia. Such support is proven by detecting FMD diseases in Indonesia, conducting epidemiological studies, isolating and characterizing FMD viruses by carrying out molecular analysis with sequencing (whole genome sequencing).

Handoko added that BRIN also identified compatible vaccines and circulating viruses. “BRIN innovates the development of rapid detection of FMD diseases through development of point care tests (Lateral flow devices) that can be used in the field and vaccine development,” he said.

In line with the Head of BRIN, Head of the Health Research Organization Ni Luh P Indi Dharmasanti reminded that this disease should be watched out for as it can spread quickly following the flow of animal transportation. “This results in economic losses due to a decrease in the selling value of livestock and livestock products, and requires complex control,” she explained.

Indi further said, to handle this case in Indonesia, the government is predicted to need around 9.9 trillion rupiah / year. “This figure could be even higher,” she said.

“This disease is highly contagious and still occurs in many countries around the world, and causes huge economic losses. Based on the nature and spread of the disease, as well as the impact of losses it causes,” continued Indi.

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