Jakarta – BRIN Public Relations. At the G20 Group Summit, Indonesia has been appointed as leader or assumes G20 Presidency. The National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) as the only research institution in Indonesia has an important role to play in the G20 event, particularly in building research and innovation collaboration among the G20 member countries.

In welcoming the G20 event, BRIN coordinates several activities which includes a Research and Innovation Initiative Gathering (RIIG). Two priority agendas to be discussed in RIIG activities are improving research and innovation collaboration through sharing facilities, infrastructure, and funding; and the use of biodiversity to support green and blue economy.

Acting Deputy for Research and Innovation Facilitation, Agus Haryono, mentioned several considerations in proposing priority agenda related to improving research and innovation collaboration through sharing of facilities, infrastructure, and funding. “One of the considerations is growing number of problems faced by the G20 member countries,” Agus said in the Focus Group Discussion, Thursday (17/02).

Another consideration, according to Agus, is the need for solutions from the G20 members to address the problems faced by the G20 member countries together from a global perspective. The need for setting targets and a strong commitment among the G20 member countries to realize these targets.

“In addition, there is a wide gap in research capability among the G20 member countries,” added Agus.

Agus further explained that the expected result from the priority agenda of improving research and innovation collaboration through sharing facilities, infrastructure, and funding is emergence of a stronger and more effective collaborative research and innovation platform among the G20 member countries. This is also expected to give important value for and the important role of research and innovation in building a strong world economy, in dealing with  problems and challenges faced.

In the priority agenda of improving research collaboration and innovation through sharing facilities, infrastructure, and funding, four research activities will be proposed, namely, research on biodiversity, marine research, research on new and renewable energy, and research on space and atmosphere.

In order for this priority agenda to work well, Agus encourages all members of the G20 to improve research and innovation collaboration. “Indonesia will invite the G20 member countries to share research facilities and infrastructure, narrow down the existing gaps, develop research and innovation support mechanisms for member countries,” he said.

Indonesia, through BRIN, welcomes, and encourages researchers from all the G20 member countries to conduct research in Indonesia, in accordance with the applicable policy and regulatory schemes.

Acting Deputy for Geological Science Research Organization, Ocky Karna Radjasa, explained that the second priority agenda that will be discussed in the RIIG is utilization of biodiversity to support green and blue economy. There are at least two important things that are expected to be achieved from this priority agenda.

“Use of biodiversity is an important factor in supporting green and blue economy. The strength and capacity of the G20 member countries to use biodiversity in a sustainable manner as the main resource to support green and blue economies should increase, and mobilized optimally and collaboratively, so that the benefits can be enjoyed fairly, “said Ocky.

Responding to the proposal of two priority agendas to be implemented at the RIIG G20, Acting Deputy for Human Development, Community and Culture of the Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas, Subandi Sardjoko said that the G20 side event was an event to promote Indonesia’s advantages, particularly related to research and innovation. From this event, it is hoped that collaboration between Indonesia and other G20 member countries will emerge.

“We use this event as our selling medium to promote research excellence and innovation. We must be able to convey to the world what our advantages are, so that our products will be purchased and developed countries will collaborate with us,” said Subandi.

According to Subandi, the main theme that must be featured in the RIIG event is use of biodiversity to support green and blue economy. This is because the issue of green and blue economy has become a global topic that is always discussed in the context of sustainable development.

The next theme according to Subandi is to improve research and innovation collaboration through sharing facilities, infrastructure, and funding. This second theme shows that Indonesia already has various facilities and infrastructure that are ready for collaboration among the G20 member countries.

“The capacity of our researchers through this collaboration can be increased so that our research resources will be stronger,” he added.

Equally important, continued Subandi, is that the two themes can later be linked to global issues engulfing the world these days, namely the COVID-19 pandemic and climate change. Through research and innovation, BRIN is expected to be able to make a real contribution in facing the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic and climate change.

Subandi explained that the Covid-19 pandemic has also affected Indonesia’s economic condition. In order to escape from economic problems and exit the crisis as a result of the pandemic, Indonesia needs economic transformation as a long-term strategy.

“The strategy is to shift the economic structure from a less productive sector to a more productive/industrialized sector, and shift productivity between sectors,” he further said.

The next strategy is green economy as the development model that synergizes economic growth and improves the environment quality to be carried out through Low Carbon Economy and Energy Transition.

The Director of Development, Economy and Environment of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Hari Prabowo shared his views on the RIIG’s planned activities as part of the G20 Summit. The G20 presidency takes the theme “recover together recover stronger”, which focuses on recovering economic conditions after being hit by the COVID-19 pandemic.

The desired recovery is one that allows all countries to recover and progress together. “For that purpose, we will prioritize multilateralism, partnership and inclusiveness. The Indonesian presidency will ensure an open, fair and mutually beneficial world economy,” Hari said.

According to him, this pandemic condition must be used as a rare moment to  transform the world for the better. The Indonesian presidency will provide a breakthrough platform for transformation efforts in various fields.

To encourage a breakthrough platform for transformation in various fields, explained Hari, the Indonesian Presidency has identified three priority sectors. First, strengthening the global health architecture, namely preparing global resources to respond to pandemic conditions and health emergencies in the future.

Second, digital transformation that ensures an inclusive digital transition for economic growth and development. Third, transition of sustainable energy that drives the G20 plays a role in ensuring the availability of affordable clean technologies.

“Based on the three priority sector identifications, one thing that makes our G20 Presidency different is that although the G20 is a multilateral forum that is norm setting and norm shaping in nature, Indonesia will try to encourage the G20 to produce concrete deliverables. And this is a challenge for all of us that must be pursued by all parties involved in achieving the G20 goals as mandated by the President of the Republic of Indonesia,” he concluded. (pur)